The Government ordered on Sunday the cessation of all non-essential economic activity, to stop the spread of the coronavirus, with a decree-law that establishes a mandatory recoverable paid leave for affected workers in those sectors considered non-essential. In other words, they must stop working and will continue to charge for 15 days, although they must make up the hours not worked. The decree published in the BOE at dawn from Sunday to Monday includes a long list of exceptions to this closing obligation. These are:
1. Those that carry out the activities that must continue to be carried out under the provisions of articles 10.1, 10.4 (which decreed the closure of all shops, except supermarkets, food and basic goods stores, pharmacies, clinics, veterinarians or gas stations) , 14.4 (transport of goods), 16, 17 and 18 (which guaranteed customs transit, electricity supply and petroleum products and the operation of critical infrastructures), of Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, by the that the alarm status is declared.
2. Those that work in the activities that participate in the market supply chain and in the operation of the services of the centers of production of basic goods and services, including food, beverages, animal feed, hygiene products, medicines, sanitary products or any product necessary for the protection of health, allowing the distribution of the same from the origin to the final destination.
3. Those that provide services in the activities of hospitality and catering that provide home delivery services.
4. Those that provide services in the chain of production and distribution of goods, services, health technology, medical supplies, protective equipment, health and hospital equipment and any other materials necessary for the provision of health services.
5. Those essential for the maintenance of the productive activities of the manufacturing industry that offer the supplies, equipment and materials necessary for the correct development of the essential activities included in this annex.
6. Those carried out by transport services, both for people and goods, that they continue to develop from the declaration of the state of alarm, as well as those that must ensure the maintenance of the means used for it, under the regulations approved by the competent authority and the competent authorities delegated since the declaration of the state of alarm.
7. Those that provide services in Penitentiary, civil protection, maritime rescue, rescue and fire prevention and extinction institutions, mine safety, and traffic and road safety. Likewise, those who work in the companies of Private security that provide security transport services, response to alarms, round-trip or discontinuous surveillance, and those that it is necessary to use for the performance of security services to guarantee essential services and supply to the population.
8. The indispensable ones that support the maintenance of the material and equipment of the armed forces.
9. Those of the health centers, services and establishments, as well as people who (i) serve the elderly, minors, dependents or people with disabilities, and people who work in companies, R&D and biotechnology centers linked to COVID-19, (ii) animal facilities to them associates, (iii) the maintenance of the minimum services of the facilities to them associates and the companies supplying products necessary for said investigation, and (iv) the people who work in funeral services and other related activities.
10. Those of the animal health centers, services and establishments.
11. Those that provide services in points of sale in the press and in the media or news agencies of public and private ownership, as well as in its printing or distribution.
12. Those of companies of financial services, including banking, insurance and investment, for the provision of essential services, and the activities of payment infrastructures and financial markets.
13. Those of companies of telecommunications and audiovisuals and of essential computer services, as well as those networks and facilities that support them and the sectors or subsectors necessary for their proper functioning, especially those that are essential for the adequate provision of public services, as well as the non-attendance work of public employees.
14. Those that provide services related to protection and care of victims of gender violence.
15. Those who work as lawyers, attorneys, social graduates, translators, interpreters and psychologists and that they attend the procedural actions not suspended by Royal Decree 463/2020, of March 14, declaring the state of alarm for the management of the health crisis situation caused by COVID-19 and, of this In this way, they comply with the essential services established by consensus by the Ministry of Justice, the General Council of the Judiciary, the State Attorney General's Office and the Autonomous Communities with competences in the matter and reflected in the Resolution of the Secretary of State for Justice dated 14 March 2020, and any adaptations that may be agreed upon.
16. Those that provide services in law offices and consultancies, administrative agencies and social graduates, and third-party and own occupational risk prevention services, in urgent matters.
17. Those that provide services in notaries and registries for the fulfillment of the essential services set by the General Directorate of Legal Security and Public Faith.
18. Those who lend cleaning, maintenance, urgent fault repair and surveillance services, as well as providing services in collection, management and treatment of hazardous waste, as well as urban solid waste, hazardous and non-hazardous, wastewater collection and treatment, decontamination activities and other waste management services and transportation and removal of by-products or in any of the entities belonging to the Public Sector, in accordance with the provisions of article 3 of Law 9/2017, of November 8, on Public Sector Contracts.
19. Those who work in the Refugee Reception Centers and Temporary Stay Centers for Immigrants and to public entities of private management subsidized by the Secretary of State for Migration and which operate within the framework of International Protection and Humanitarian Attention.
20. Those who work in water supply, purification, conduction, purification and sanitation.
21. Those that are indispensable for the provision of meteorological forecasting and observation services and the associated processes of maintenance, surveillance and control of operational processes.
22. Those of the operator designated by the State to provide the universal postal service, in order to provide the services of collection, admission, transport, classification, distribution and delivery for the exclusive purposes of guaranteeing said universal postal service.
23. Those that provide services in those sectors or subsectors that participate in the import and supply of medical supplies, such as logistics, transport, warehousing, customs transit companies (freight forwarders) and, in general, all those that participate in sanitary corridors.
24. Those who work in the distribution and delivery of products purchased in internet commerce, telephone or correspondence.
25. Any others that provide services that have been considered essential.