Articles and reports about the new coronavirus are filled with conditions that the majority of us do not use every day. A number of these — Covid-19, for instance — has been coined just following the virus emerged from China. Our easy quiz intends to unclutter this technical language and allow you to understand your news feed better. Can there be a coronavirus-related expression that you want to see clarified but isn’t on this listing? Tell us in the comments section.

Let us start.

Coronavirus

You are probably wondering why that this is on the listing. Well, there are two or three essential things to remember. To begin with, coronavirus is not the title of anybody type of virus. There is a whole family of coronaviruses — known as Coronaviridae — and a number of them cause the frequent cold. What we’re dealing with today is a “book,” as in brand new, coronavirus. We did not know about it before a month or two ago when police were hoping to comprehend precisely what was causing a bunch of mysterious pneumonia cases in China’s Wuhan city. Secondly, coronaviruses are called because of their crown-like effect made by the spike proteins on their face. “Corona” signifies crown Latin.

Covid-19

Brief for Coronavirus Disease 2019, this is the title of this disorder brought on by the new coronavirus. Notice that it will not let you know in which the virus first surfaced. That is not by accident: the World Health Organisation picked a title that would prevent attaching a stigma to places (such as China’s Wuhan city) or ethnicities. You bet. Think about the accounts of racism targeting Asians or individuals of Asian origin in the aftermath of this coronavirus outbreak. [A note about the pronunciation of Covid-19: do not spell out the letters — state”covid” just like a phrase, followed by the number 19.]

This is the proportion of infected men and women who perish. We can’t state with certainty exactly what this amount is for the brand new coronavirus disorder, but here are two or three estimates. Two past epidemics brought on by coronaviruses, MERS, and SARS, had substantially higher mortality prices.

In February, a study of 44,672 confirmed instances in Mainland China stated 2.3 percent had expired. However, the speed revealed considerable variation with age. It was higher for men (2.8percent ) compared to women (1.7percent ).

A guy in a protective match at China’s Wuhan, in which the new coronavirus was initially discovered, on March 4, 2020.
Pandemic

Dictionary definitions of the term”pandemic” concentrate on two aspects of an illness: the geographic scale of its spread and the number of individuals infected. The World Health Organisation merely places it this way: the”global spread of a new disorder.”

Public Health Emergency of Global Concern

On January 30, the World Health Organisation announced the coronavirus outbreak a Public Health Emergency of global Concern — an”extraordinary event” posing a”public health threat to other States throughout the global spread of illness” and possibly needing”a coordinated global reaction.” This does not often occur: it was just the sixth such statement produced by WHO. When faced with a PHEIC, a bunch of specialists advises the UN body’s director-general (now Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus of Ethiopia) on steps to be executed in the disease-hit nation and elsewhere.

Sars-CoV-2

Brief for”severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus two,” this is the title of this new coronavirus. It was declared on February 11. Do not confuse it with all the virus that led to the epidemic of SARS in the early 2000s. “While linked, both viruses are somewhat distinct,” the World Health Organisation describes.

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